Dubrovnik is a city located on the Adriatic Sea coast of Croatia, positioned at the terminal end of the Isthmus of Dubrovnik. It is one of the most prominent tourist destinations on the Adriatic, a seaport and the centre of Dubrovnik-Neretva county. Its total population is 42,641 (census 2011). In 1979, the city of Dubrovnik joined the UNESCO list of World Heritage Sites. Dubrovnik is among the 10 best medieval walled cities in the world.
The prosperity of the city of Dubrovnik has always been based on maritime trade.
A feature of Dubrovnik is its wall, an imposing architectural wonder that run almost 2 km (1.24 mi) around the city. With 335 steps going up and around this barrier, it represents a formidable obstacle. The walls run from four to six metres thick on the landward side but are much thinner on the seaward side. The system of turrets and towers were intended to protect the vulnerable city.